Zone 1 and Zone 2 are classification zones used to define the level of hazardous risk in flammable environments. These zones are defined in international standards and regulations, such as the IEC 60079 series, which specify requirements for electrical equipment, including flameproof lights, used in potentially explosive atmospheres.
Zone 1: Zone 1 is an area where an explosive atmosphere is likely to occur during normal operation. In this zone, flammable gases, vapors, or liquids are present in sufficient quantities to pose a risk of explosion. Examples of Zone 1 environments include areas around storage tanks, pipelines, or processing equipment where flammable substances are handled or processed.
Zone 2: Zone 2 is an area where an explosive atmosphere is not likely to occur during normal operation but may occur intermittently due to abnormal conditions or malfunctions. In this zone, flammable substances are present, but in lower quantities or for shorter durations compared to Zone 1. Examples of Zone 2 environments include areas adjacent to Zone 1 locations or where occasional releases of flammable substances may occur.
When selecting flameproof lights for hazardous areas, it is essential to consider the appropriate zone classification for the specific application. Flameproof lights designed for Zone 1 areas have a higher level of protection and are specifically engineered to withstand and contain potential explosions within their enclosures. These luminaires are designed to prevent ignition and minimize the risk of releasing hazardous substances into the surrounding environment.
Flameproof lights for Zone 2 areas may have slightly different design considerations, as the risk level is lower. However, they still need to meet safety standards and provide reliable operation in potentially explosive atmospheres.
It is crucial to consult and comply with relevant national and international regulations and standards when selecting and installing flameproof lights in hazardous areas. This ensures the safety of personnel and equipment while mitigating the risk of explosions or accidents in these environments.